Virtual Office FAQ

Accounting (11)

The Estonian Commercial Code states that it needs to be raised.

If a private limited company has less than half of its share capital or less than the amount of share capital specified in § 136 of this Code or the other minimum amount of share capital provided by the law, the shareholders shall decide:

1) Reduction or increase of share capital

2) The dissolution, merger, division or transformation of a private limited company

3) Submission of a bankruptcy petition

We can help with the terminal liquidation process.

Please take a closer look at our respective service:

Company termination

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The information you need to provide in the annual report depends on the size of the company.

For example, micro- and small businesses are required to provide a balance sheet, income statement, cash flow report, activity report, and specifically required notes: accounting principles, number of employees, and information about related parties.

Our customers are mostly micro and small companies.

A micro-enterprise is a private limited company with total assets of up to 175 thousand euros, liabilities not exceeding equity, and annual sales revenue of up to 50 thousand euros. The micro-enterprise has one shareholder who is also a member of the management board. The micro-enterprise does not have to submit an activity report in the annual report and the number of annexes is also minimal.

A small company is a company with total assets of up to 4 million euros, annual sales of up to 8 million euros, and an average number of employees of up to 50 people, one of which may be exceeded.

Categories: Accounting, Annual report
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Regarding the Estonian accounting law we accept the source documents in Estonian and English language.

Original documents in other languages must be sworn translated into the above languages, otherwise they cannot be accepted.

There are certain restrictions for source documents, take a look at information about requirements.

Category: Accounting
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An annual report is the company’s financial statement of the past financial year.

All legal entities need to submit an annual report in Estonia – which of course includes companies owned by e-residents. Under the Commercial Code (see § 60), it’s mandatory to submit the report even if the company doesn’t have any activities during the financial year. It must be prepared in Estonian and in the official currency (EUR).

The deadline is six months after the financial year is over. Usually at late last day of June. But it is always wise to do it early.

The annual report can be submitted remotely if you have an Estonian e-residency card, Estonian ID card, Estonian Mobile ID or Smart ID. In other cases, the services of a public notary must be used.

All, but micro-enterprises must also include the management report. Larger companies must submit a cash flow statement and a statement of changes in equity. In certain cases, an auditor’s evaluation is mandatory.

Keep in mind that anyone can access the management reports. Therefore, consider carefully what the report contains.

Please take a closer look at our respective service:

Basic annual report

Categories: Accounting, Annual report
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The law establishes what data must be present on the invoice so that it complies with the Estonian Accounting Legislation.

The following information needs to be written on invoices:

  • Title (e.g. “Invoice” or similar)
  • Invoice number
  • Date of issue
  • Description of goods or services purchased
  • Numerical data (amount, price of a unit, total sum)
  • Names of the seller and buyer
  • Addresses of the seller and buyer
  • Seller’s company registration number
  • Seller’s VAT number (in case the seller has it)

There are certain restrictions for source documents, take a look at information about requirements.

Category: Accounting
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Legislation states that only business-related expenses can be included in the company’s reporting. Non-related expenses are treated as non-purpose based on the Estonian Accounting legislation and are taxed with an additional preferential tax.

They must include:

  • Date of issue
  • Receipt number
  • Description of goods or services purchased
  • Numerical data (amount, price of unit, total sum)
  • Name of the seller
  • Address of the seller
  • Seller’s company registration number
  • Seller’s VAT number (in case the seller has it)

They can be transmitted to us through various communication channels, preferably through various applications that automatically add them to the accounting software.

Category: Accounting
Tag: Accounting
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In most cases, the financial year is the same as the calendar year in which case the deadline is the last day of June.

In special cases, a different period may be set for the financial year.

Submitting an annual report is mandatory for all the companies registered in Estonia, within 6 months from the end of the company’s financial year.

Please take a closer look at our respective service:

Annual report

Categories: Accounting, Annual report
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Annual reports are submitted in the e-environment of the business register.

If you have an Estonian ID, Mobile ID, or e-residency, the right of representation can be granted with the following steps:

  1. Log in to the Business Registry
  2. From the upper bar choose ,,Annual report”
  3. From the bar below choose „Defining persons entering data“
  4. Press the button below „Add new person for entering data“
  5. Fill in the field „Personal identification code of the person entering data”
  6. Select the company you want to add the person entering the data
  7. Click: “The person entering data is authorized to submit the report”
  8. Push the „Save“ button below

Now your accountant can enter your annual report data and submit it.

It should also be noted that the submitted report must also be digitally confirmed by a board member.

Categories: Accounting, Annual report
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No, you don’t.

If the company has employees who are not tax residents of Estonia and work outside Estonia, the salary payments to these foreign employees are not taxed in Estonia, and we do not file tax returns for these employees.

Foreign employees must declare their income on behalf of an Estonian company in the country in which they are taxable.

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Yes, it’s mandatory. When operating a business in Estonia, it is essential to comply with local accounting and legal standards to ensure that your company is adhering to the best practices in accounting.

Keeping your books in order is crucial to providing financial transparency to your creditors and business partners and ensuring the accurate calculation of taxes.

There are three main accounting policies that you must follow in Estonia:

  1. The Accounting Act of the Republic of Estonia – this law outlines the requirements for accounting practices, including bookkeeping, accounting documentation, and financial reporting.
  2. Estonia’s Good Accounting Practices – these guidelines provide recommendations for accounting standards and practices, including financial statement preparation, accounting documentation, and audit procedures.
  3. The guidelines issued by the Accounting Board of the Republic of Estonia – this is an advisory board that issues guidance on accounting practices and standards, including the interpretation of accounting regulations and the development of new accounting principles.

By adhering to these accounting policies, you can ensure that your company’s financial information is accurate and transparent.

Moreover, accounting is the basis for preparing the annual report. Submission of the annual report is mandatory, if not submitted, the state imposes a fine, and in some cases also forced termination.

Check out our corresponding service:

Starter accounting

Category: Accounting
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We are able to provide accounting services for previous periods upon request.

Our pricing model is based on the number of transactions involved. For more information on pricing and to discuss any special requirements, please feel free to contact us. We will be pleased to provide you with a customized pricing solution.

Related product:

Basic annual report

Category: Accounting
Tag: Accounting
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Annual report (4)

The information you need to provide in the annual report depends on the size of the company.

For example, micro- and small businesses are required to provide a balance sheet, income statement, cash flow report, activity report, and specifically required notes: accounting principles, number of employees, and information about related parties.

Our customers are mostly micro and small companies.

A micro-enterprise is a private limited company with total assets of up to 175 thousand euros, liabilities not exceeding equity, and annual sales revenue of up to 50 thousand euros. The micro-enterprise has one shareholder who is also a member of the management board. The micro-enterprise does not have to submit an activity report in the annual report and the number of annexes is also minimal.

A small company is a company with total assets of up to 4 million euros, annual sales of up to 8 million euros, and an average number of employees of up to 50 people, one of which may be exceeded.

Categories: Accounting, Annual report
Did you find this FAQ helpful?
3
0

An annual report is the company’s financial statement of the past financial year.

All legal entities need to submit an annual report in Estonia – which of course includes companies owned by e-residents. Under the Commercial Code (see § 60), it’s mandatory to submit the report even if the company doesn’t have any activities during the financial year. It must be prepared in Estonian and in the official currency (EUR).

The deadline is six months after the financial year is over. Usually at late last day of June. But it is always wise to do it early.

The annual report can be submitted remotely if you have an Estonian e-residency card, Estonian ID card, Estonian Mobile ID or Smart ID. In other cases, the services of a public notary must be used.

All, but micro-enterprises must also include the management report. Larger companies must submit a cash flow statement and a statement of changes in equity. In certain cases, an auditor’s evaluation is mandatory.

Keep in mind that anyone can access the management reports. Therefore, consider carefully what the report contains.

Please take a closer look at our respective service:

Basic annual report

Categories: Accounting, Annual report
Did you find this FAQ helpful?
3
0

In most cases, the financial year is the same as the calendar year in which case the deadline is the last day of June.

In special cases, a different period may be set for the financial year.

Submitting an annual report is mandatory for all the companies registered in Estonia, within 6 months from the end of the company’s financial year.

Please take a closer look at our respective service:

Annual report

Categories: Accounting, Annual report
Did you find this FAQ helpful?
3
0

Annual reports are submitted in the e-environment of the business register.

If you have an Estonian ID, Mobile ID, or e-residency, the right of representation can be granted with the following steps:

  1. Log in to the Business Registry
  2. From the upper bar choose ,,Annual report”
  3. From the bar below choose „Defining persons entering data“
  4. Press the button below „Add new person for entering data“
  5. Fill in the field „Personal identification code of the person entering data”
  6. Select the company you want to add the person entering the data
  7. Click: “The person entering data is authorized to submit the report”
  8. Push the „Save“ button below

Now your accountant can enter your annual report data and submit it.

It should also be noted that the submitted report must also be digitally confirmed by a board member.

Categories: Accounting, Annual report
Did you find this FAQ helpful?
0
0

Company liquitation (1)

The Estonian Commercial Code states that it needs to be raised.

If a private limited company has less than half of its share capital or less than the amount of share capital specified in § 136 of this Code or the other minimum amount of share capital provided by the law, the shareholders shall decide:

1) Reduction or increase of share capital

2) The dissolution, merger, division or transformation of a private limited company

3) Submission of a bankruptcy petition

We can help with the terminal liquidation process.

Please take a closer look at our respective service:

Company termination

Did you find this FAQ helpful?
4
0

Formation of a nonprofit association (1)

Basically, yes, if the activity is related to the goals of the association.

However, it should not be the only source of income. The main part or some part must still usually come from subsidies and membership fees.

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Taxis in Estonia (1)

No, you don’t.

If the company has employees who are not tax residents of Estonia and work outside Estonia, the salary payments to these foreign employees are not taxed in Estonia, and we do not file tax returns for these employees.

Foreign employees must declare their income on behalf of an Estonian company in the country in which they are taxable.

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2
0