Virtual Office FAQ

If you don’t pay it in the establishment process of  a company, then:

In the case of a private limited company, the shareholder shall pay for the share in full within one year, but at the latest at the time of filing the claim referred to in Article 140¹ (2) or (3) of the Commercial Code.

Category: Company
Tag: Company

If everything ready at the start (name, field of activity, government fee etc.) then:

In an expedited procedure, the court keeping the register shall examine the application for entry at the latest on the following working day. Additional restrictions apply to the submission to expedited procedure pursuant to § 53 (5) of the Commercial Code and the order of the Minister of Justice “Procedure for Submission of Documents to Court”.

Category: Company
Tag: Company

As of 1 September 2018, associations are required to submit a list of beneficial owners via the Company Registration Portal or via Notary.

Guidelines for identifiying beneficial owners

Categories: Company, General

No and yes.

Without anyone coming to Estonia, you cannot buy a share or stake.
Must come by yourself or someone whos is authorized by you.

The reason for this is that all relevant transactions must be notarized by Public Notary in Estonia.

NB!

Although there is one way. Using a stock account. For further details please contact us.

Category: Company
Tag: Company

A) An annual report must be submitted

To the registration department of a country court no later than within 6 months after the end of the financial year. The report can be submitted through the Company Registration Portal. If you do not submit the report in due time, the court maintaining the register may fine both the company and its management board members without advance warning.

The company’s financial year is always the calendar year, starting on the 1st of January and ending on the 31st of December.

B) The company’s business name, registry code and location

Must be stated in the company’s business documents and on its website. The annual report must also state those data and additionally the company’s e-mail address and website address as well as other telecommunications data.

C) Activities

Are presented in the annual report. Enclose up to 10 largest activities by sales revenue as annexes to the report. Activity cannot be freely described but instead must be indicated as the relevant wording in the Estonian Classification of Economic Activities, level 4. Insignificant activities are not required to be stated. The management report provides a more detailed description of the reporting year’s activities and the changes planned for the coming year. Please keep in mind that stating an activity in the Commercial Register does not automatically grant you the right to engage in it if a special law prescribes any additional requirements (for example the Trading Act requires that a place of sale be registered with the local government, the Building Act requires that a building contractor be registered, the Public Transport Act requires a public transport or taxi license, etc.).

D) Changing registry data (company address, management board members, etc.)

A petition for entry of change is filed with the county court maintaining the register. A petition for entry can be filed through Company Registration Portal or a notary. A state fee must be paid when filing a petition for entry (indicating the company’s registry code and the relevant reference code).

Notice of changes to data outside entries must be sent through Company Registration Portal or by post. Data outside entries can be changed without a state fee. A state fee is also not required for submitting a resolution of shareholders or the supervisory board to extend the duration of powers of a management board member entered into the register.

Documents (both on paper and digital) must be submitted as originals (incl. with original signatures) or as notarised copies. A notary may also prepare a digital copy of a document. Documents must be in Estonian or accompanied by a translation made by a sworn translator or certified by a notary. If failing to submit the required data, the company, as well as all its management board members can be fined repeatedly.

E) A person’s address

Is looked up from the Population Register by the county court maintaining the register. But if a company’s management board member, liquidator or the chair of the supervisory board does not have a place of residence registered in the Estonian Population Register, the data of that place of residence must be submitted and any changes in those data must be notified of immediately. Those data are also considered data outside entries so no state fee is required for them.

Every Estonian company must have an Estonian address.

F) The list of shareholders

Is kept by the private limited company’s management board.

If other shareholders have a pre-emptive purchase right, a shareholder selling its share must present the sales contract to the management board so that the management board can inform other shareholders. The notary certifying a sale or pledge of a share will also communicate the transaction to the county court maintaining the register. The management board may assign the list of shareholders to be maintained by the Estonian Central Register of Securities for a fee. In that case transactions with shares are conducted through a securities account opened in a bank. If a company had multiple shareholders and only a sole shareholder remains then the management board must send a notice to that effect to the county court maintaining the register.

Only private persons who have an Estonian personal ID code can register an Estonian company online. If you as a legal entity would like to register an Estonian company, please get in touch with us. We will help you with the registration process.

The company can be registered by one founder. If you have more than one founder, please get in touch with us. We will help you with the registration process.

To register an Estonian company, both the founder and the board member(s) must have an Estonian personal ID code. If the founder and the board member are different persons, both must digitally sign the company registration application. You will be able to download the application after filling out the registration form. Once you have signed the downloaded document, you must upload it to the portal for submission.

The management board of an Estonian company can be located outside of Estonia. In this case it is regulated by the law to provide the address of the board and appoint an authorized contact person.

G) Equity capital level

You must make sure that the company’s net assets (equity capital) do not decrease below one half of its share capital, and never below the lower limit of share capital set forth in the law. Otherwise the management board must summon the shareholders to decide an involvement of new funds, a merger, a reconstruction or dissolution of the company, etc. In the case of long-term insolvency, the management board must immediately present the court with a bankruptcy petition. Failure to react can bring about proprietary and criminal liability for the management board.

The share capital of the company must be at least 2500 euro. The maximum share capital permitted is 25 000 euro. You can register the company without having to deposit the share capital. You can do this later at the bank.

H) The Tax and Customs Board

And other national and local authorities utilise the Commercial Register’s data through a computer network and they are forbidden from requesting you to submit an excerpt of the Commercial Register (§ 541 (1¹) of the Commercial Code). You do not have to register separately as a person paying income tax, social tax and land tax. Still, you have to register as a person paying value added tax (VAT) if your company’s annual turnover exceeds the lower limit set forth in the law. You can register as a person paying value added tax through the website of the Tax and Customs Board.

Category: Company
Tag: Company

No, there is no need for that.

Except establishing a company with e-residency card.

Category: Company
Tag: Company

After we receive order and get payment contact person is ready to sign in as the contact person for your company in Estonian Commercial Registry.

Categories: Company, Contact person
Tag: Company

Establishing a company in the e-register the contact person needs to be added by the establisher/s. After adding it, the contact person confirms it in the same environment. If the company is founded by a notary, the contact person gives a digitally signed confirmation as a separate document or gives it directly at the place to the notary.

Manual

Categories: Company, Contact person
Tag: Company

No. But they need an Estonian address.

Nevertheless, all sole proprietors (FIE) must file an application to be entered into the commercial register before they start operating. Individuals from creative professions working on a freelance basis are subject to the same requirement.

There is no need to register separately with the Estonian Tax and Customs Board, as the information about registration will be forwarded automatically.

If an e-resident registers as a sole proprietor in Estonia, it is accompanied by a commitment to pay advance payments of social tax 4 times a year. The size of advance payment actually does not depend on the size of income, it is set each year with the state budget.

Categories: Company, Contact person
Tag: Company

In Estonia, your company name must be written in the Latin alphabet and preferably without any special characters or symbols. You also need to choose a name that’s unique in Estonia’s company registry and ensure that the name is not protected by trademark.

As an Estonian company is an EU company, you’ll also want to check if there are other trademarks that are similar across the continent. The EU is the world’s largest single market and home to more than 500 million consumers, as well as plenty of entrepreneurs, so it’s unlikely that your company name is completely unique.

Category: Company
Tag: Company

Can also be used in business, but there are differences compared to a regular company.

Requires at least 2 board members. Will go through automatic liquidation if less. Money can only be used towards the goal set in its charter. By definition, they can’t make a profit, that means you can’t take out the profit as dividends, a non-profit can only pay a salary to its employees.

But the advantages are the following, no equity.

There is no equity to claim against 🙂 if the members of the board have not shown a significant degree of negligence in the management of the non-profit organization.

Category: Company

Ready made, company in a paper, that has fulfilled all requirements for legal registration and may be bought by anyone to bypass the lengthy registration or incorporation process. Shelf companies are formed and sold usually by accounting or law firms. Also called blank check company.

Category: Company
Tag: Company

Unless the residence of at least one-half of the board members of the company is in Estonia, in another Member State of the European Economic Area or in the Swiss Confederation, the foreign company must have a local contact person.

A contact person will be registered in Estonian Commercial Registry. A contact person must confirm his will to be a contact person.

Categories: Company, Contact person

Yes, you can. Actually, you need it before establishing a company in Estonia. Real address in Estonia and contact person who resides in Estonia are mandatory for establishing a company if board member/s are residing outside of Estonia.

If your company has no revenue coming in, and no activity taking place, you can consider hibernating your company for a while to consider your next steps. This lowers your fee to 19 EUR a month until you want to get started again. As soon as your company starts making revenue, or you’re actively using it, your fee will return to the normal monthly price.

Category: Company
Tag: Company

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